expect


expect
expect, hope, look, await are comparable when they mean to have something in mind as more or less certain to happen or come about. They vary, however, so greatly in their implications and in their constructions that they are seldom interchangeable.
Expect usually implies a high degree of certainty, but it also involves the idea of anticipation (as by making preparations or by envisioning what will happen, what one will find, or what emotions one will feel)
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he told his mother not to expect him for dinner

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she had reason to expect that the trip would be exciting

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he seems to require and expect goodness in his species as we do a sweet taste in grapes and China oranges— Mandeville

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what can you expect of a girl who was allowed to wear black satin at her coming out ball?— Wharton

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Hope (often with for) implies some degree of belief in the idea that one may expect what one desires or longs for; although it seldom implies certitude, it usually connotes confidence and often especially in religious use implies profound assurance
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he dared not hope that he would succeed in his venture, for he feared disappointment

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what I hope for and work for today is for a mess more favorable to artists than is the present one— Forster

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encouraged to hope for a college education— Scudder

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Look (usually followed by to with an infinitive and sometimes also by to with a personal object) is less literary than expect; it often also suggests more strongly than expect a counting upon or a freedom from doubt
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they look to profit by their investment

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they looked to their son to help them in their old age

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I never look to have a mistress that I shall love half as well— Brooke

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With for, on the other hand, look does not imply as much assurance; it suggests rather an attitude of expectancy and watchfulness
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they are looking for news in the next post

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there is no use looking for their return tonight

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finality is not to be looked for in . . . translation— Swaim

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Await often adds to look for the implication of being ready mentally or, sometimes, physically for the event; it also suggests waiting, often patient waiting
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we await your reply with interest

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the two armies are eager for action, each awaiting an attack by the other

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I . . . had known it would happen to me, and now it was there with all the strangeness and dark mystery of an awaited thing— Wolfey

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Await also differs from the other words in this group in its capacity for taking as subject the thing expected and as object the person who is expecting
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good fortune awaits you

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death awaits all men

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Analogous words: *foresee, foreknow, anticipate, apprehend, divine
Antonyms: despair of

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Expect — Тип инструмент для автоматизации и тестирования интерактивных приложений Разработчик Don Libes Написана на Tcl Операционная система Кроссплатформенное программное обеспечение Последняя версия 5.44.1 (31 января 2006 года) …   Википедия

  • Expect — Développeur Don Libes Dernière version …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Expect — Ex*pect , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Expected}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Expecting}.] [L. expectatum, to look out for, await, expect; ex + out spectare to look at. See {Spectacle}.] 1. To wait for; to await. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Let s in, and there expect… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • expect — [ek spekt′, ikspekt′] vt. [L expectare, exspectare < ex , out + spectare, to look, freq. of specere, to see: see SPECTACLE] 1. to look for as likely to occur or appear; look forward to; anticipate [I expected you sooner] 2. to look for as due …   English World dictionary

  • expect — was the object of much criticism during the 19c when it was used to mean ‘to suppose, surmise’, as in I expect you d like a drink. Fowler, however, regarded it as a natural extension of meaning and wrote (1926) that ‘it seems needless purism to… …   Modern English usage

  • expect — [v1] believe strongly; anticipate apprehend, assume, await, bargain for, bargain on, be afraid, calculate, conjecture, contemplate, count on, divine, envisage, feel, figure, forecast, foreknow, foresee, gather, hope, hope for, imagine, in the… …   New thesaurus

  • Expect — Ex*pect , v. t. To wait; to stay. [Obs.] Sandys. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Expect — Ex*pect , n. Expectation. [Obs.] Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • expect — I (anticipate) verb await, bargain for, be certain, be confident, be prepared, calculate upon, count on, expectare, have in prospect, look for, look forward to, plan on, prepare for, provide for, reckon on, sperare, wait for, watch for associated …   Law dictionary

  • expect — 1550s, wait, defer action, from L. expectare/exspectare await, look out for, desire, hope, from ex thoroughly (see EX (Cf. ex )) + spectare to look, frequentative of specere to look at (see SCOPE (Cf. scope) (1)). Figurative sense of …   Etymology dictionary


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